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Washington

  • "Washington Crossing the Delaware" is an 1851 oil-on-canvas painting by German American artist Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze. It commemorates General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River on the night of December 25Ð26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War.

    "Washington Crossing the Delaware" is an 1851 oil-on-canvas painting by German American artist Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze. It commemorates General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River on the night of December 25Ð26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War.

  • Washington Crossing the Delaware is an 1851 oil-on-canvas painting by German American artist Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze. It commemorates General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River on the night of December 25Ð26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War.

    Washington Crossing the Delaware is an 1851 oil-on-canvas painting by German American artist Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze. It commemorates General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River on the night of December 25Ð26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War.

  • Washington Crossing the Delaware is an 1851 oil-on-canvas painting by German American artist Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze. It commemorates General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River on the night of December 25Ð26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War.

    Washington Crossing the Delaware is an 1851 oil-on-canvas painting by German American artist Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze. It commemorates General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River on the night of December 25Ð26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War.

  • "Washington Crossing the Delaware" is an 1851 oil-on-canvas painting by German American artist Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze. It commemorates General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River on the night of December 25Ð26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War.
  • Washington Crossing the Delaware is an 1851 oil-on-canvas painting by German American artist Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze. It commemorates General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River on the night of December 25Ð26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War.
  • Washington Crossing the Delaware is an 1851 oil-on-canvas painting by German American artist Emanuel Gottlieb Leutze. It commemorates General George Washington's crossing of the Delaware River on the night of December 25Ð26, 1776, during the American Revolutionary War.

George Washington is so ubiquitous with the presidency that according to a Newsweek survey, 14 percent of preschoolers believe that he is still sitting in the Oval Office. As a military leader he won the country its freedom in the Revolutionary War, and as the first president of the United States his actions and decisions set precedents that are still followed by presidents today, 224 years after his inauguration. But who was the man behind the face on the dollar bill? Read these facts to find out.

WASHINGTON QUIZ:

1. What number president was George Washington?

2. What is the name of Washington’s home in Virginia?

3. Which party was Washington a part of?

4. What was Washington’s wife’s name?

5. How many terms did Washington serve?

6. In which major wars was Washington involved?

7. What famous parable about morality features Washington as a child?

8. What was Washington famously missing? (He used painful replacements for most of his life.)

9. What famous painting of Washington immediately before battle is hanging in the Metropolitan Museum of Art?

10. Where did Washington and his army spend the miserable winter of 1777-1778 during the Revolutionary War?

WASHINGTON FACTS:

∎ Presidents Day is officially Washington’s Birthday and was originally supposed to honor the first president alone. Eventually, though, people began to celebrate all presidents on this holiday.

∎ Washington’s favorite foods were pineapple and Brazil nuts. John Adams once said that Washington lost all his teeth from cracking Brazil nuts.

∎ At only 135 words (half of Lincoln’s famously short Gettysburg Address), Washington’s second inaugural speech is the shortest in presidential history.

∎ George Washington was the first president to appear on a postage stamp.

∎ Washington was one of two future presidents who signed the United States Constitution. The other was James Madison, the fourth president.

∎ The state of Washington, named after George Washington, is the only state named after an American.

∎ While drafting the Constitution, Washington refused the suggested titles of His Elective Highness, Your Mightiness, His Elective Majesty and Proctor of the Rights of the Same, among others, before agreeing to “Mr. President.”

∎ Washington never attended an official school. He was instead educated by his father and older brother.

∎ Washington is the only president to have been unanimously elected, with all 69 members of the Electoral College casting a vote for him.

∎ Although he helped in planning the capital, Washington is the only president to never live in the White House or Washington, D.C. He instead lived in the temporary capitals of New York and Philadelphia.

∎ Five states – North Carolina, Rhode Island, Vermont, Kentucky and Tennessee – were added to the union during Washington’s presidency.

∎ Washington was the first man to send an airmail letter between Philadelphia and New Jersey.

∎ Although he is considered the first president of the United States under the Constitution, the American colonies had presidents dating back to the early 1700s. Including these presidents, Washington would be the 15th president.

∎ Washington had a bad case of smallpox as a child, and so had his entire army vaccinated against it in 1777, at a time when few doctors believed in vaccinations.

∎ Washington’s great granddaughter, Mary Custis, was married to Robert E. Lee, commander-in-chief of the Confederate Army during the Civil War.

∎ George Washington celebrated his birthday on Feb. 11th, although today it is recognized as Feb. 22nd. Washington was born under the Julian calendar, and when the colonies adopted the Gregorian calendar still in use today the date of his birthday changed, although he continued to celebrate the original date.

∎ Washington was one of only two presidents to command troops on the field while in office (the other was James Madison during the War of 1812).

WASHINGTON QUIZ ANSWERS:

1. George Washington was the first president.

2. Washington’s Virginia home, where he is buried, is called Mount Vernon.

3. Washington is the only president to have served without a political party – in fact, Washington did not believe in political parties.

4. Washington’s wife was Martha Dandridge Custis Washington. Washington raised her two children from a previous marriage as his own, and never had any biological children.

5. Although offered more, Washington served two terms, setting a precedent that has only been broken once, by Franklin Roosevelt.

6. Washington served with the British army during the French and Indian War and was commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War.

7. According to legend, Washington chopped down his father’s prized cherry tree as a boy. He soon admitted to his transgression, saying, “I cannot tell a lie.”

8. By his first presidential inauguration, Washington only had one original tooth left. He wore painful dentures made of cow’s teeth and ivory.

9. “Washington Crossing the Delaware,” painted by Emanuel Leutze, depicts Washington leading his men in boats across the river to attack a Hessian force on Christmas night during the Revolutionary War.

10. Washington’s army spent the winter of 1777-1778 at Valley Forge in Pennsylvania.

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