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Ukraine tries to quell pro-Moscow uprisings

  • Pro-Russian activist wears a hand-made mask behind a barricade in front of the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014, as the makings of an improved self-appointed government began to take shape, with demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-storey regional headquarters. Ukrainian authorities on Tuesday reasserted control over an administration building in the country’s second-largest city of Kharkiv, 250 Km ( 155 miles) north of Donetsk, which had been seized by pro-Russian protesters, and authorities detained some dozens. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)

    Pro-Russian activist wears a hand-made mask behind a barricade in front of the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014, as the makings of an improved self-appointed government began to take shape, with demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-storey regional headquarters. Ukrainian authorities on Tuesday reasserted control over an administration building in the country’s second-largest city of Kharkiv, 250 Km ( 155 miles) north of Donetsk, which had been seized by pro-Russian protesters, and authorities detained some dozens. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)

  • A masked man stands atop of a barricade at the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014. Pro-Russia demonstrators continued occupying the Donetsk regional administration in the nearby region and calling for a referendum.   (AP Photo/Andrey Basevich)

    A masked man stands atop of a barricade at the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014. Pro-Russia demonstrators continued occupying the Donetsk regional administration in the nearby region and calling for a referendum. (AP Photo/Andrey Basevich)

  • Pro-Russian activists shout during a rally at the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014, as the makings of an improved self-appointed government began to take shape, with demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-storey regional administration headquarters. Ukrainian authorities on Tuesday reasserted control over an administration building in the country's second-largest city of Kharkiv, 250 Km ( 155 miles) north of Donetsk, which had been seized by pro-Russian protesters, and authorities detained some dozens. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)

    Pro-Russian activists shout during a rally at the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014, as the makings of an improved self-appointed government began to take shape, with demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-storey regional administration headquarters. Ukrainian authorities on Tuesday reasserted control over an administration building in the country's second-largest city of Kharkiv, 250 Km ( 155 miles) north of Donetsk, which had been seized by pro-Russian protesters, and authorities detained some dozens. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)

  • Activists prepare a barricade in front of the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014. Ukrainian authorities on Tuesday reasserted control over an administration building in Kharkiv, the country’s second-largest city, which had been seized by pro-Russian protesters, detaining dozens. Meanwhile, in Donetsk, a city 250 kilometers (155 miles) further south, the makings of an improved self-appointed government began taking shape as demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-story regional administration headquarters. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)

    Activists prepare a barricade in front of the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014. Ukrainian authorities on Tuesday reasserted control over an administration building in Kharkiv, the country’s second-largest city, which had been seized by pro-Russian protesters, detaining dozens. Meanwhile, in Donetsk, a city 250 kilometers (155 miles) further south, the makings of an improved self-appointed government began taking shape as demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-story regional administration headquarters. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)

  • Pro-Russian activists sleep at a barricade in front of the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014, as the makings of an improved self-appointed government began to take shape, with demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-storey regional administration headquarters. Ukrainian authorities on Tuesday reasserted control over an administration building in the country’s second-largest city of Kharkiv, 250 Km ( 155 miles) north of Donetsk, which had been seized by pro-Russian protesters, and authorities detained some dozens. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)

    Pro-Russian activists sleep at a barricade in front of the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014, as the makings of an improved self-appointed government began to take shape, with demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-storey regional administration headquarters. Ukrainian authorities on Tuesday reasserted control over an administration building in the country’s second-largest city of Kharkiv, 250 Km ( 155 miles) north of Donetsk, which had been seized by pro-Russian protesters, and authorities detained some dozens. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)

  • Members of a Special police unit guard the regional administration building in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014. Tuesday morning the regional administration building of Kharkiv region was completely cleared of separatists. During the liberation of the building, guns and hand grenades were used against police. Several policemen were badly injured. During the liberation of the regional administration seventy criminals were detained. (AP Photo/Olga Ivashchenko)

    Members of a Special police unit guard the regional administration building in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014. Tuesday morning the regional administration building of Kharkiv region was completely cleared of separatists. During the liberation of the building, guns and hand grenades were used against police. Several policemen were badly injured. During the liberation of the regional administration seventy criminals were detained. (AP Photo/Olga Ivashchenko)

  • Communist lawmakers scuffle with right-wing Svoboda ( Freedom) Party lawmakers during a parliament session of Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament, in Kiev, Ukraine Tuesday, April 8, 2014. (AP Photo/Vladimir Strumkovsky)

    Communist lawmakers scuffle with right-wing Svoboda ( Freedom) Party lawmakers during a parliament session of Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament, in Kiev, Ukraine Tuesday, April 8, 2014. (AP Photo/Vladimir Strumkovsky)

  • Smoke from a bonfire rises over the barricade as pro-Russian demonstrators protest outside the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Monday, April 7, 2014.  Ukraine's acting president Turchynov said early Tuesday April 8, that security forces have re-taken control of the Kharkiv administration building , in address to parliament. (AP Photo/Andrey Basevich)

    Smoke from a bonfire rises over the barricade as pro-Russian demonstrators protest outside the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Monday, April 7, 2014. Ukraine's acting president Turchynov said early Tuesday April 8, that security forces have re-taken control of the Kharkiv administration building , in address to parliament. (AP Photo/Andrey Basevich)

  • A masked man stands atop of a barricade at the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014. Pro-Russia demonstrators continued occupying the Donetsk regional administration in the nearby region and calling for a referendum.   (AP Photo/Andrey Basevich)

    A masked man stands atop of a barricade at the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014. Pro-Russia demonstrators continued occupying the Donetsk regional administration in the nearby region and calling for a referendum. (AP Photo/Andrey Basevich)

  • Communist lawmakers scuffle with right-wing Svoboda ( Freedom) Party lawmakers during a parliament session of Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament, in Kiev, Ukraine Tuesday, April 8, 2014. (AP Photo/Vladimir Strumkovsky)

    Communist lawmakers scuffle with right-wing Svoboda ( Freedom) Party lawmakers during a parliament session of Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament, in Kiev, Ukraine Tuesday, April 8, 2014. (AP Photo/Vladimir Strumkovsky)

  • Pro-Russian activist wears a hand-made mask behind a barricade in front of the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014, as the makings of an improved self-appointed government began to take shape, with demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-storey regional headquarters. Ukrainian authorities on Tuesday reasserted control over an administration building in the country’s second-largest city of Kharkiv, 250 Km ( 155 miles) north of Donetsk, which had been seized by pro-Russian protesters, and authorities detained some dozens. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
  • A masked man stands atop of a barricade at the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014. Pro-Russia demonstrators continued occupying the Donetsk regional administration in the nearby region and calling for a referendum.   (AP Photo/Andrey Basevich)
  • Pro-Russian activists shout during a rally at the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014, as the makings of an improved self-appointed government began to take shape, with demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-storey regional administration headquarters. Ukrainian authorities on Tuesday reasserted control over an administration building in the country's second-largest city of Kharkiv, 250 Km ( 155 miles) north of Donetsk, which had been seized by pro-Russian protesters, and authorities detained some dozens. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
  • Activists prepare a barricade in front of the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014. Ukrainian authorities on Tuesday reasserted control over an administration building in Kharkiv, the country’s second-largest city, which had been seized by pro-Russian protesters, detaining dozens. Meanwhile, in Donetsk, a city 250 kilometers (155 miles) further south, the makings of an improved self-appointed government began taking shape as demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-story regional administration headquarters. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
  • Pro-Russian activists sleep at a barricade in front of the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014, as the makings of an improved self-appointed government began to take shape, with demonstrators dug in for their third day at the 11-storey regional administration headquarters. Ukrainian authorities on Tuesday reasserted control over an administration building in the country’s second-largest city of Kharkiv, 250 Km ( 155 miles) north of Donetsk, which had been seized by pro-Russian protesters, and authorities detained some dozens. (AP Photo/Efrem Lukatsky)
  • Members of a Special police unit guard the regional administration building in Kharkiv, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014. Tuesday morning the regional administration building of Kharkiv region was completely cleared of separatists. During the liberation of the building, guns and hand grenades were used against police. Several policemen were badly injured. During the liberation of the regional administration seventy criminals were detained. (AP Photo/Olga Ivashchenko)
  • Communist lawmakers scuffle with right-wing Svoboda ( Freedom) Party lawmakers during a parliament session of Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament, in Kiev, Ukraine Tuesday, April 8, 2014. (AP Photo/Vladimir Strumkovsky)
  • Smoke from a bonfire rises over the barricade as pro-Russian demonstrators protest outside the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Monday, April 7, 2014.  Ukraine's acting president Turchynov said early Tuesday April 8, that security forces have re-taken control of the Kharkiv administration building , in address to parliament. (AP Photo/Andrey Basevich)
  • A masked man stands atop of a barricade at the regional administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Tuesday, April 8, 2014. Pro-Russia demonstrators continued occupying the Donetsk regional administration in the nearby region and calling for a referendum.   (AP Photo/Andrey Basevich)
  • Communist lawmakers scuffle with right-wing Svoboda ( Freedom) Party lawmakers during a parliament session of Verkhovna Rada, the Ukrainian parliament, in Kiev, Ukraine Tuesday, April 8, 2014. (AP Photo/Vladimir Strumkovsky)

Ukrainian authorities moved to quell pro-Moscow uprisings along the Russian border with mixed results yesterday, retaking one occupied regional headquarters and watching protesters consolidate their hold on another.

In a third city, Luhansk, Ukraine’s Security Service said separatists armed with explosives and other weapons were holding 60 people hostage inside the agency’s local headquarters.

Those occupying the building issued a video statement saying they want a referendum on the region’s status and warning that any attempt to storm the place would be met with armed force.

In the video, posted by Ukrainian news media, a masked man identified the occupiers as Ukrainian veterans of the Soviet war in Afghanistan and said that if authorities try to retake the building, “Welcome to hell, then!”

The Ukrainian government and the U.S. have accused Moscow of fomenting the unrest as a pretext for another Russian military incursion like the takeover of Crimea last month. Up to 40,000 Russian troops are massed along the Ukrainian border, according to NATO.

All of the cities affected by the uprisings are in Ukraine’s industrial heartland in the east, which has a large population of ethnic Russians and where hostility is strong toward the government that took power in February after the ouster of Kremlin-friendly President Viktor Yanukovych.

European Union Envoy Catherine Ashton said she will meet with U.S., Russian and Ukrainian foreign ministers next week to discuss the situation – the first four-way meeting since the crisis erupted.

In Washington, Secretary of State John Kerry threatened tougher economic sanctions against Moscow.

“What we see from Russia is an illegal and illegitimate effort to destabilize a sovereign state and create a contrived crisis with paid operatives across an international boundary,” Kerry told the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

Kerry called the demonstrations in eastern Ukraine a “contrived pretext for military intervention just as we saw in Crimea.”

Earlier yesterday, Ukrainian authorities battled pro-Russian protesters and regained control over a government building in Kharkiv, the country’s second-largest city, evicting the protesters and detaining dozens.

Acting President Oleksandr Turchynov told parliament that several police officers were injured during the Kharkiv clashes with what he termed separatists.

In Donetsk, a city 155 miles south of Kharkiv, protesters dug in for their third day at the 11-story regional administration headquarters they captured Sunday and began forming their own parallel government.

Serhiy Taruta, the governor of Donetsk, scoffed at the shifting events in his city.

“I call this a theater of the absurd,” he said. “It is just artists performing, but the main thing is that there is an ever-dwindling audience.”

There was little sign yesterday afternoon that Ukrainian government forces had any immediate plans to clear the regional administration building, and Taruta insisted he wanted to see the situation resolved peacefully.

The city has been the site of weekly rallies and marches, but Sunday saw an escalation of that strategy when masked men carrying batons burst through police lines to take over the building. By yesterday, 6-foot walls of car tires wrapped in razor wire had been erected against any attempt to storm the place.

On Monday, the demonstrators declared the creation of a sovereign Donetsk Republic and called for a referendum on the issue to be held no later than May 11.

Despite claims by the demonstrators to represent the entire Donetsk, a region of more than 4 million people, rallies outside the administration building since the weekend have drawn crowds of only a few thousand.

While none of the leading figures in the self-proclaimed Donetsk Republic movement have said they want the region to join Russia, they have declined to rule out the option. Their initial priority, they say, is to secure autonomy, after which the population will be asked whether it wishes to become part of Russia.

White House spokesman Jay Carney said this week there was strong evidence some pro-Russian protesters in eastern Ukraine were hired and were not local residents.

People in the corridors of the Donetsk building – many of them wearing masks and carrying sticks – invariably identified themselves as being from Ukraine when questioned.

Similarly, representatives of the Donetsk Republic movement dismissed claims of Russian support, saying volunteers had arrived from all across the Donetsk region.

“I live in Mariupol, I have three children there, and I came here so that my children could have a normal life in the future,” said Sergei Renin.

Renin said he was proud to be a Ukrainian but concerned over what he described as attempts by the “Nazi government” in Kiev to trample the rights of Russian speakers.

Even Taruta expressed doubts that Russia was orchestrating the unrest. Still, authorities have said that overwhelming numbers of Russian citizens were visiting Ukraine on recent weekends that saw spikes in anti-government rallies.

The Kremlin has pushed for constitutional reform in Ukraine that would turn the country into a federation, with broad powers for each of its regions. The demands reflect Russia’s desire to maintain influence over its neighbor and prevent Ukraine from joining NATO.

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