Wilder memoir to give gritty view of prairie life
This photo undated provided photo by Bruce Beaton shows Pamela Smith Hill in her office in Portland, Ore. Hill has been the lead editor on "Pioneer Girl: The Annotated Autobiography," since 2010. Laura Ingalls Wilder, the author behind the beloved "Little House" series, likely wrote her autobiography in the late 1920s. The South Dakota State Historical Society Press plans to publish the annotated version of this fall. (AP Photo/Bruce Beaton)
In this Sept. 22, 2011 photo, bison graze at the in the distance beyond a stand of gay-feather at the Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve near Strong City, Kan. The 11,000 acre preserve gives tourists a glimpse of what settlers on the Kansas prairie would have seen. (AP Photo/Charlie Riedel)
In this 2012 photo provided by the South Dakota State Historical Society Press, an employee at the Laura Ingalls Wilder Historic Home and Museum in Mansfield, Mo., prepares to handle Wilders original manuscript of "Pioneer Girl." The original version, written likely in the late 1920s, was written on tablet paper with lead pencil. The South Dakota State Historical Society Press plans to publish an annotated version of "Pioneer Girl" this fall. (AP Photo/South Dakota State Historical Society Press)
This undated image provided by the South Dakota Historical Society Press shows Judy Thompson's illustration of the cover of "Pioneer Girl: The Annotated Autobiography". The original version of the autobiography, that Wilder likely wrote in the late 1920s, was written on tablet paper with lead pencil. The South Dakota State Historical Society Press plans to publish an annotated version of this fall. (AP Photo/South Dakota Historical Society Press)
Laura Ingalls Wilder penned one of the most beloved children’s series of the 20th century, but her forthcoming autobiography will show devoted Little House on the Prairie fans a more realistic, grittier view of frontier living.
Pioneer Girl: The Annotated Autobiography – Wilder’s unedited draft that was written for an adult audience and eventually served as the foundation for the popular series – is slated to be released by the South Dakota State Historical Society Press nationwide this fall. The not-safe-for-children tales include stark scenes of domestic abuse, love triangles gone awry and a man who lit himself on fire while drunk off whiskey.
Wilder and her daughter Rose Wilder Lane, herself a well-known author, tried and failed to get an edited version of the autobiography published throughout the early 1930s. The original rough draft has been preserved at the Laura Ingalls Wilder Historic Home and Museum in Mansfield, Mo., for decades but hadn’t been published.
The children’s series never presented a romanticized version of life on the prairie – in Little House in the Big Woods, Laura and her sister Mary gleefully help dissect the family pig before bouncing its inflated bladder back and forth in the yard. But the series also left out or fictionalized scenes that Wilder deemed unsuitable for kids, including much of the time the family spent in Burr Oak, Iowa, and Walnut Grove, Minn., said Pamela Smith Hill, a Wilder biographer and the lead editor on the autobiography.
“So you can read Pioneer Girl as nonfiction rather than fiction and get a better feeling of how the historical Ingalls family really lived, what their relationships were and how they experienced the American West,” she said.
Wilder details a scene from her childhood in Burr Oak, in which a neighbor of the Ingalls’s pours kerosene throughout his bedroom, sets it on fire and proceeds to drunkenly drag his wife around by her hair before Wilder’s father – Pa in the children’s books – intervenes.
Scenes like that make Wilder’s memoir sound like it’s filled with scandal and mature themes, “which isn’t exactly true either,” said Amy Lauters, an associate professor of mass media at Minnesota State University-Mankato.
“It’s just that that first version was blunt, it was honest. It was full of the everyday sorts of things that we don’t care to think about when we think about history,” said Lauters, who has read the original manuscript and also is writing a book on Rose Wilder Lane. “And it’s certainly not the fantasized version we saw on Little House on the Prairie the television show.”
Wilder’s story will likely do well in South Dakota, since the author moved to De Smet in the late 1870s with her family, eventually meeting her future husband there.
For fans, the autobiography is chance to see from where Wilder drew her inspiration, said Sandra Hume, a Wilder aficionado who published an internationally distributed newsletter for 10 years and now helps manage Laurapalooza, a conference dedicated to all things Wilder.
“I am very excited to see people have access to this, because her life story has been pretty muddled because people get mixed up with the TV show and it’s nice to see an interest in people seeing basically what is the primary source,” she said.
The autobiography preserves Wilder’s original rough draft – misspellings, idiosyncrasies and all – but adds extensive annotations.
Little House lovers can learn about the three girls that Wilder combined to create the Nellie Olson character, or how extensive the damage was in Minnesota during the grasshopper plague of the 1870s, which forced Pa in On the Banks of Plum Creek to set out in search of work.
“In some ways, I came to think of the annotations in Pioneer Girl as almost an encyclopedia about Laura Ingalls Wilder’s life and work,” Hill said.