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Egypt’s Mubarak waves, grins as his trial resumes

  • ALTERNATE CROP OF CAI103 -- Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, seated, and his two sons, Gamal Mubarak, left, and Alaa Mubarak, right, attend a hearing in a courtroom at the Police Academy, Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. Egypt's ousted long-time autocrat was back in court Saturday, grinning and waving for the resumption of his retrial on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Mohammed al-Law)

    ALTERNATE CROP OF CAI103 -- Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, seated, and his two sons, Gamal Mubarak, left, and Alaa Mubarak, right, attend a hearing in a courtroom at the Police Academy, Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. Egypt's ousted long-time autocrat was back in court Saturday, grinning and waving for the resumption of his retrial on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Mohammed al-Law)

  • FILE - In this file photo taken Sunday, Aug. 25, 2013, former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, 85, is escorted by medical and security personnel into an ambulance to be taken by helicopter ambulance from Maadi Military Hospital to the Cairo Police Academy-turned-court in Cairo, Egypt. Egypt's ousted long-time autocrat went back in court Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013, as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil, File)

    FILE - In this file photo taken Sunday, Aug. 25, 2013, former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, 85, is escorted by medical and security personnel into an ambulance to be taken by helicopter ambulance from Maadi Military Hospital to the Cairo Police Academy-turned-court in Cairo, Egypt. Egypt's ousted long-time autocrat went back in court Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013, as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil, File)

  • An Egyptian woman carrying a photo of ousted president Hosni Mubarak chants slogans against ousted President Mohammed Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood as she expresses her support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

    An Egyptian woman carrying a photo of ousted president Hosni Mubarak chants slogans against ousted President Mohammed Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood as she expresses her support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

  • An Egyptian woman carrying a photo of ousted president Hosni Mubarak demonstrates her support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. The Arabic reads, "We will not forget you. You are in our hearts." (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

    An Egyptian woman carrying a photo of ousted president Hosni Mubarak demonstrates her support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. The Arabic reads, "We will not forget you. You are in our hearts." (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

  • Egyptians carrying photos of ousted president Hosni Mubarak as they demonstrate their support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

    Egyptians carrying photos of ousted president Hosni Mubarak as they demonstrate their support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

  • An Egyptian woman carries a photo of ousted president Hosni Mubarak, left, as a man holds a collage photo of Egyptian Defense Minister Gen. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi and Mubarak while demonstrating their support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

    An Egyptian woman carries a photo of ousted president Hosni Mubarak, left, as a man holds a collage photo of Egyptian Defense Minister Gen. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi and Mubarak while demonstrating their support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

  • In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi hold a huge representation of the national flag decorated with a sign of open palm with four raised fingers, which has become a symbol of the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where Morsi supporters were violently dispersed in August, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

    In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi hold a huge representation of the national flag decorated with a sign of open palm with four raised fingers, which has become a symbol of the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where Morsi supporters were violently dispersed in August, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

  • In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, a supporter of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi waves a national flag during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

    In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, a supporter of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi waves a national flag during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

  • In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi chant slogans as others hold placards with a sign of an open palm with four raised fingers, which has become a symbol of the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where Morsi supporters were violently dispersed in August, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

    In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi chant slogans as others hold placards with a sign of an open palm with four raised fingers, which has become a symbol of the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where Morsi supporters were violently dispersed in August, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

  • In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi hold a huge representation of the national flag decorated with a sign of an open palm with four raised fingers, which has become a symbol of the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where Morsi supporters were violently dispersed in August, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

    In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi hold a huge representation of the national flag decorated with a sign of an open palm with four raised fingers, which has become a symbol of the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where Morsi supporters were violently dispersed in August, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

  • In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi hold a huge national flag as they show open palms with four raised fingers, which has become a symbol of the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where Morsi supporters had held a sit-in for weeks that was violently dispersed in August, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis) (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

    In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi hold a huge national flag as they show open palms with four raised fingers, which has become a symbol of the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where Morsi supporters had held a sit-in for weeks that was violently dispersed in August, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis) (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

  • In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, a young supporter of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi falls back into the crowd from a bridge railing during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

    In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, a young supporter of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi falls back into the crowd from a bridge railing during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)

  • An Egyptian pro-Mubarak demonstrator wears a photo of ousted President Hosni Mubarak outside a courtroom where he and his sons are attending a hearing in the Police Academy, Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

    An Egyptian pro-Mubarak demonstrator wears a photo of ousted President Hosni Mubarak outside a courtroom where he and his sons are attending a hearing in the Police Academy, Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

  • An Egyptian woman carrying a photo of ousted president Hosni Mubarak as she demonstrates her support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The Arabic reads, "You will still be in the hearts of the Egyptians." (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

    An Egyptian woman carrying a photo of ousted president Hosni Mubarak as she demonstrates her support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The Arabic reads, "You will still be in the hearts of the Egyptians." (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

  • ALTERNATE CROP OF CAI103 -- Former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, seated, and his two sons, Gamal Mubarak, left, and Alaa Mubarak, right, attend a hearing in a courtroom at the Police Academy, Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. Egypt's ousted long-time autocrat was back in court Saturday, grinning and waving for the resumption of his retrial on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Mohammed al-Law)
  • FILE - In this file photo taken Sunday, Aug. 25, 2013, former Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, 85, is escorted by medical and security personnel into an ambulance to be taken by helicopter ambulance from Maadi Military Hospital to the Cairo Police Academy-turned-court in Cairo, Egypt. Egypt's ousted long-time autocrat went back in court Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013, as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Amr Nabil, File)
  • An Egyptian woman carrying a photo of ousted president Hosni Mubarak chants slogans against ousted President Mohammed Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood as she expresses her support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • An Egyptian woman carrying a photo of ousted president Hosni Mubarak demonstrates her support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. The Arabic reads, "We will not forget you. You are in our hearts." (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • Egyptians carrying photos of ousted president Hosni Mubarak as they demonstrate their support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • An Egyptian woman carries a photo of ousted president Hosni Mubarak, left, as a man holds a collage photo of Egyptian Defense Minister Gen. Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi and Mubarak while demonstrating their support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi hold a huge representation of the national flag decorated with a sign of open palm with four raised fingers, which has become a symbol of the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where Morsi supporters were violently dispersed in August, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
  • In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, a supporter of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi waves a national flag during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
  • In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi chant slogans as others hold placards with a sign of an open palm with four raised fingers, which has become a symbol of the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where Morsi supporters were violently dispersed in August, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
  • In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi hold a huge representation of the national flag decorated with a sign of an open palm with four raised fingers, which has become a symbol of the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where Morsi supporters were violently dispersed in August, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
  • In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, supporters of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi hold a huge national flag as they show open palms with four raised fingers, which has become a symbol of the Rabaah al-Adawiya mosque, where Morsi supporters had held a sit-in for weeks that was violently dispersed in August, during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis) (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
  • In this Friday, Sept. 13, 2013 photo, a young supporter of Egypt's ousted President Mohammed Morsi falls back into the crowd from a bridge railing during a protest in Cairo, Egypt. Clashes erupted between supporters and opponents of Egypt's ousted president during nationwide protests Friday a day after Egypt's military-backed interim government extended a nationwide state of emergency by two months, citing ongoing security concerns. (AP Photo/Lefteris Pitarakis)
  • An Egyptian pro-Mubarak demonstrator wears a photo of ousted President Hosni Mubarak outside a courtroom where he and his sons are attending a hearing in the Police Academy, Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The ousted long-time autocrat went back in court as his trial resumed on charges related to the killings of some 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster. (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)
  • An Egyptian woman carrying a photo of ousted president Hosni Mubarak as she demonstrates her support for Mubarak at a court in Cairo, Egypt, Saturday, Sept. 14, 2013. The Arabic reads, "You will still be in the hearts of the Egyptians." (AP Photo/Hassan Ammar)

An Egyptian judge yesterday named top security officials to testify in the retrial of former president Hosni Mubarak on charges related to the killings of about 900 protesters during the 2011 uprising that led to his ouster.

The 85-year-old longtime autocrat’s previous conviction for failing to stop the killings was overturned on appeals earlier this year, leaving still open questions about who ordered the use of deadly force against protesters and who carried out those orders.

The naming of former prison and top intelligence officials in the case appeared to intertwine Mubarak’s trial with accusations facing his successor, Mohammed Morsi, who was ousted in a popularly-backed coup July 3 just one year after his election.

Morsi has been held since at an undisclosed military facility and is being investigated on allegations that he and other Muslim Brotherhood leaders conspired with the Palestinian Hamas group in the neighboring Gaza Strip to escape from prison during the anti-Mubarak uprising.

That allegation was raised again in court yesterday by defense lawyers who suggested that Hamas militants were behind the attacks on prisons and police stations in the northern Sinai Peninsula, which borders Gaza.

As the trial resumed, the army continued its largest offensive in years against militants in northern Sinai. Security officials said yesterday they uncovered explosives aimed at an Egyptian border post near a tunnel from Gaza, with a detonating wire leading back through a tunnel to Gaza. Brotherhood and Hamas officials have long denied any connection to the prison breaks or attacks on security forces in Sinai. The Brotherhood says the allegations are part of a propaganda blitz that has portrayed the group as a terrorist organization that must be banned.

“The authority of power and of the coup turned the victims into the perpetrators and the perpetrators into the victims
. . . completely and clearly surpassing the simplest rules of justice, which are essential to the viability and stability of nations,” the Brotherhood said in a statement yesterday.

Mubarak, who ruled over the Arab world’s most populous country for nearly 30 years, grinned and waved at supporters as he was pushed in his wheelchair into the defendants’ courtroom cage yesterday. Unlike previous court sessions, in which the former president was lying on a gurney, Mubarak appeared healthier and more confident.

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