Shutdown nears after GOP move
House pushes health law delay
Steven Paquette, 38, of Henniker, poses in his home, where he lives with his wife and six-year-old son, on Friday, September 27, 2013. Paquette served in Guam with the Air Force and is taking classes in criminal justice at New England College
(WILL PARSON / Monitor staff)
Steven Paquette (center), 38, of Henniker, is pictured in his 1995 Lackland Air Force Base basic training class yearbook. Paquette is a veteran of the Air Force and is taking classes at New England College
(WILL PARSON / Monitor staff)
President Barack Obama delivers a speech to a joint session of Congress at the Capitol in Washington, Thursday, Sept. 8, 2011. Watching are Vice President Joe Biden and House Speaker John Boehner. (AP Photo/Kevin Lamarque, POOL)
FILE - In this April 5, 2010 file photo, House Minority Leader John Boehner of Ohio, right, accompanied by House Minority Whip Eric Cantor of Va., speaks on Capitol Hill in Washington. Boehner could walk down most U.S. streets anonymously. But the perpetually tanned golf lover, who grew up in a Cincinnati family of 14, could become the next House speaker and the GOP leader of opposition to President Barack Obama. (AP Photo/Harry Hamburg, File)
Washington marched toward its first federal shutdown in 17 years yesterday after House Speaker John Boehner bowed again to the right wing of his party and agreed to continue a relentless assault on President Obama’s 2010 health care law.
Late yesterday, the House was poised to vote on a bill to keep the government open past midnight tomorrow. But under pressure from Sen. Ted Cruz of Texas and other GOP hard-liners, Boehner, an Ohio Republican, planned to amend the bill to include a one-year delay of the health law’s mandates, taxes and benefits – guaranteeing a stalemate with the Democratic Senate.
“We will do everything we can to protect Americans against the harmful effects of Obamacare. This bill does that. We’re united in the House as Republicans,” Majority Leader Eric Cantor of Virginia said shortly after unveiling the plan to his rank and file. “Now it’s up to the Senate Democrats to answer.”
That response came quickly. Even before the House had a chance to vote on its proposal, Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid, a Nevada Democrat, blasted it as “pointless.” Democratic aides said the Senate would procedurally set aside the House amendments first thing tomorrow, leaving GOP leaders with a stark choice: approve the simple funding bill the Senate passed Friday or permit federal agencies to close.
“As I have said repeatedly, the Senate will reject any Republican attempt to force changes to the Affordable Care Act through a mandatory government funding bill,” Reid said in a written statement. “After weeks of futile political games from Republicans, we are still at square one.”
White House press secretary Jay Carney called the latest GOP strategy “reckless and irresponsible.”
“Any member of the Republican Party who votes for this bill is voting for a shutdown,” Carney said in a written statement.
As the House convened for the rare Saturday session, senior Republicans seemed to recognize the potential consequences of their actions. For now, Boehner’s decision to appease his right wing keeps an uneasy peace in his fractious caucus. But it bodes ill for his ability to work with Democrats either to keep the government open, restore funding for federal agencies if they do shut down or – in a few weeks – raise the federal debt limit to avoid a first-ever default on the national debt.
Leaders of both parties agree that a government shutdown would be bad for the economy and that a default would be potentially catastrophic. The maneuvering of the House GOP has caused considerable anxiety within their own party.
“I think it’s going to be tough for them. They’re having such difficulty pulling things together,” said Sen. Bob Corker of Tennessee, one of several GOP senators who consults frequently with House members. “I don’t know that I have a clear vision how we move through this. And I think the debt ceiling is maybe even more murky.”
As recently as late August, Boehner urged his rank and file to avoid provoking a fight that could shut down the government, arguing that Republicans would have more leverage during the battle over the $16.7 trillion debt limit. Treasury Secretary Jack Lew has said Congress must raise the debt limit by Oct. 17, or the nation will begin running short of cash to pay its bills.
Many Democrats view a government shutdown as unpleasant but economically survivable, and polls suggest that voters would blame Republicans. But raising the debt limit is an entirely different matter, a deadline Obama and other Democrats are unwilling to breach.
“Failure to meet this responsibility would be far more dangerous than a government shutdown. It would effectively be an economic shutdown,” Obama said Friday at the White House. “We don’t fully understand what might happen, the dangers involved.”
But over the summer, outside groups such as Heritage Action for America kicked up dust about the health law, which is set to begin signing up consumers Tuesday. Cruz and other far-right Republicans refused to pass up a single opportunity to attack it, arguing that the law would do harm to average Americans.
“There’s a real push to say we’re going to do whatever we can, as much as we can, to protect the people of our districts from the harmful effects of this law,” said Rep. James Lankford of Oklahoma, a member of the conservative class of 2010 who now serves in House leadership. “So let’s find out how much we can protect them from.”
That summer onslaught set in motion a series of capitulations by Boehner. First, he agreed to include a provision to defund the health law in the government-funding measure the House initially sent the Senate. Despite a 21-hour talkathon, Cruz and his allies failed to force the Senate to uphold that version.
Boehner then tried to declare a temporary ceasefire in the health care fight and once again urged conservatives to defer their battle to the debt-limit debate. But conservatives again objected, forcing Boehner yesterday to agree to advance a one-year delay of the health law as part of the government-funding bill, formally known as a “continuing resolution,” or C.R.
The latest House strategy also includes a proposal to repeal a tax on medical devices that helps fund the health care law and has long been unpopular in both parties. The House was also poised to approve a separate measure that would guarantee that active-duty members of the military – as well as civilians and contractors essential to their work – would still get paid in the event of a shutdown.
That would eliminate one of the most politically sensitive consequences for Republicans if a shutdown occurs. But Democratic aides said the Senate was unlikely to consider that bill, either.
“We are sending them a bill to pay our troops,” one senior Democratic aide said via email. “It’s called the CR.”
On Saturday afternoon, senior GOP aides in the House held out hope that the Senate might at least feel obliged to repeal the tax on medical devices. Earlier this year, the Senate voted overwhelmingly ,79 to 20, to repeal and replace the tax.
But on Saturday, Reid quickly shut down such hopes. Senate aides in both parties confirmed that, procedurally, Reid would need only 51 votes to table both of the House amendments, denying Cruz and his allies the opportunity to block Democrats and keep either the health-care delay or the device tax repeal alive.
Some rank-and-file House Republicans said they now see no way to avoid a shutdown. Rep. Thomas Rooney, R-Fla., called the prospect “likely.”
For now, at least, Boehner, Cantor and other top lieutenants have ruled out the prospect of seeking out Democratic votes to help them pass a simple funding bill and keep the government open, their advisers said. But as Republicans prepared to vote late last night, some lawmakers acknowledged that they had no idea what would happen if the Senate follows through on its threat to reject their latest offering.
“It comes back to us, I guess,” said Rep. Phil Gingrey of Georgia, one of the more conservative Republicans and a candidate for Senate in 2014. “We really didn’t talk about exactly what the plan would be then.”