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Arctic sea ice larger than US melted this year

  • FILE - In this Tuesday, Nov. 27, 2012 file photo, a man walks past destroyed homes on the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens, New York. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File)

    FILE - In this Tuesday, Nov. 27, 2012 file photo, a man walks past destroyed homes on the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens, New York. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File)

  • FILE - In this Tuesday, Nov. 27, 2012 file photo, a man walks past destroyed homes on the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens, New York. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File)

    FILE - In this Tuesday, Nov. 27, 2012 file photo, a man walks past destroyed homes on the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens, New York. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File)

  • FILE - In this July 26, 2012 file photo, dead fish float in a drying pond near Rock Port, Mo. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts.(AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

    FILE - In this July 26, 2012 file photo, dead fish float in a drying pond near Rock Port, Mo. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts.(AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

  • FILE - In this July 26, 2012 file photo, dead fish float in a drying pond near Rock Port, Mo. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts.(AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

    FILE - In this July 26, 2012 file photo, dead fish float in a drying pond near Rock Port, Mo. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts.(AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

  • FILE - In this Thursday, Aug. 9, 2012 file photo, Jerry Johnson of Ashland uses his antique 57 Ford tractor to mow vegetation around his drying pond in Ashland, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

    FILE - In this Thursday, Aug. 9, 2012 file photo, Jerry Johnson of Ashland uses his antique 57 Ford tractor to mow vegetation around his drying pond in Ashland, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

  • FILE - In this Thursday, Aug. 9, 2012 file photo, Jerry Johnson of Ashland uses his antique 57 Ford tractor to mow vegetation around his drying pond in Ashland, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

    FILE - In this Thursday, Aug. 9, 2012 file photo, Jerry Johnson of Ashland uses his antique 57 Ford tractor to mow vegetation around his drying pond in Ashland, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

  • FILE - In this Thursday, Sept. 6, 2012 file photo, a combine harvests corn near Bennington, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

    FILE - In this Thursday, Sept. 6, 2012 file photo, a combine harvests corn near Bennington, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

  • FILE - In this Thursday, Sept. 6, 2012 file photo, a combine harvests corn near Bennington, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

    FILE - In this Thursday, Sept. 6, 2012 file photo, a combine harvests corn near Bennington, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

  • FILE - In this Sept. 19, 2012 file photo, corn plants weakened by the drought lie on the ground after being knocked over by rain in Bennington, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

    FILE - In this Sept. 19, 2012 file photo, corn plants weakened by the drought lie on the ground after being knocked over by rain in Bennington, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

  • FILE - In this Sept. 19, 2012 file photo, corn plants weakened by the drought lie on the ground after being knocked over by rain in Bennington, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

    FILE - In this Sept. 19, 2012 file photo, corn plants weakened by the drought lie on the ground after being knocked over by rain in Bennington, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)

  • FILE - In this Monday, Nov 5, 2012 file photo, one of several boats that washed away from a nearby marina as a result of flooding from Hurricane Sandy and scattered throughout the yards of homes in Freeport, N.Y. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Kathy Kmonicek, File)

    FILE - In this Monday, Nov 5, 2012 file photo, one of several boats that washed away from a nearby marina as a result of flooding from Hurricane Sandy and scattered throughout the yards of homes in Freeport, N.Y. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Kathy Kmonicek, File)

  • FILE - In this Monday, Nov 5, 2012 file photo, one of several boats that washed away from a nearby marina as a result of flooding from Hurricane Sandy and scattered throughout the yards of homes in Freeport, N.Y. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Kathy Kmonicek, File)

    FILE - In this Monday, Nov 5, 2012 file photo, one of several boats that washed away from a nearby marina as a result of flooding from Hurricane Sandy and scattered throughout the yards of homes in Freeport, N.Y. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Kathy Kmonicek, File)

  • This undated handout photo provided by NOAA shows Arctic ice. Federal officials say the Arctic region has changed dramatically in the past five years, for the worse. It's melting at a near record pace, and it's darkening and absorbing too much of the sun's heat. A new report card from the NOAA rates the polar region with blazing red stop lights on three of five categories and yellow cautions for the other two. Overall, these are not good grades, but it doesn't mean the Arctic is doomed and it will still freeze in the winter, said report co-editor Jackie Richter-Menge. (AP Photo/NOAA)

    This undated handout photo provided by NOAA shows Arctic ice. Federal officials say the Arctic region has changed dramatically in the past five years, for the worse. It's melting at a near record pace, and it's darkening and absorbing too much of the sun's heat. A new report card from the NOAA rates the polar region with blazing red stop lights on three of five categories and yellow cautions for the other two. Overall, these are not good grades, but it doesn't mean the Arctic is doomed and it will still freeze in the winter, said report co-editor Jackie Richter-Menge. (AP Photo/NOAA)

  • FILE - In this Tuesday, Nov. 27, 2012 file photo, a man walks past destroyed homes on the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens, New York. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File)
  • FILE - In this Tuesday, Nov. 27, 2012 file photo, a man walks past destroyed homes on the Rockaway Peninsula in Queens, New York. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts (AP Photo/Seth Wenig, File)
  • FILE - In this July 26, 2012 file photo, dead fish float in a drying pond near Rock Port, Mo. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts.(AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)
  • FILE - In this July 26, 2012 file photo, dead fish float in a drying pond near Rock Port, Mo. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts.(AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)
  • FILE - In this Thursday, Aug. 9, 2012 file photo, Jerry Johnson of Ashland uses his antique 57 Ford tractor to mow vegetation around his drying pond in Ashland, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)
  • FILE - In this Thursday, Aug. 9, 2012 file photo, Jerry Johnson of Ashland uses his antique 57 Ford tractor to mow vegetation around his drying pond in Ashland, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)
  • FILE - In this Thursday, Sept. 6, 2012 file photo, a combine harvests corn near Bennington, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)
  • FILE - In this Thursday, Sept. 6, 2012 file photo, a combine harvests corn near Bennington, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)
  • FILE - In this Sept. 19, 2012 file photo, corn plants weakened by the drought lie on the ground after being knocked over by rain in Bennington, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)
  • FILE - In this Sept. 19, 2012 file photo, corn plants weakened by the drought lie on the ground after being knocked over by rain in Bennington, Neb. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Nati Harnik, File)
  • FILE - In this Monday, Nov 5, 2012 file photo, one of several boats that washed away from a nearby marina as a result of flooding from Hurricane Sandy and scattered throughout the yards of homes in Freeport, N.Y. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Kathy Kmonicek, File)
  • FILE - In this Monday, Nov 5, 2012 file photo, one of several boats that washed away from a nearby marina as a result of flooding from Hurricane Sandy and scattered throughout the yards of homes in Freeport, N.Y. Delegates from nearly 200 countries are meeting in the Qatari capital of Doha to discuss ways slowing climate change, including by cutting emissions of greenhouse gases that scientists say are warming the planet, melting ice caps, raising sea levels, and changing rainfall patterns with impacts on floods and droughts. (AP Photo/Kathy Kmonicek, File)
  • This undated handout photo provided by NOAA shows Arctic ice. Federal officials say the Arctic region has changed dramatically in the past five years, for the worse. It's melting at a near record pace, and it's darkening and absorbing too much of the sun's heat. A new report card from the NOAA rates the polar region with blazing red stop lights on three of five categories and yellow cautions for the other two. Overall, these are not good grades, but it doesn't mean the Arctic is doomed and it will still freeze in the winter, said report co-editor Jackie Richter-Menge. (AP Photo/NOAA)

An area of Arctic sea ice bigger than the United States melted this year, according the U.N. weather agency, which said the dramatic decline illustrates that climate change is happening “before our eyes.”

In a report released at U.N. climate talks in the Qatari capital of Doha, the World Meteorological Organization said the Arctic ice melt was one of a myriad of extreme and record-breaking weather events to hit the planet in 2012. Droughts devastated nearly two-thirds of the United States as well western Russia and southern Europe. Floods swamped west Africa and heat waves left much of the Northern Hemisphere sweltering.

But it was the ice melt that seemed to dominate the annual climate report, with the U.N. concluding ice cover had reached “a new record low” in the area around the North Pole and that the loss from March to September was a staggering 4.57 million square miles – an area bigger than the United States.

“The alarming rate of its melt this year highlighted the far-reaching changes taking place on Earth’s oceans and biosphere,” WMO Secretary-General Michel Jarraud said. “Climate change is taking place before our eyes and will continue to do so as a result of the concentrations of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, which have risen constantly.”

The dire climate news – following on the heels of a report Tuesday that found melting permafrost could significantly amplify global warming – comes as delegates from nearly 200 countries struggled for a third day to lay the groundwork for a deal that would cut emissions in an attempt to ensure that temperatures don’t rise more than 2 degrees C (3.6 degrees F) over what they were in preindustrial times. Temperatures have already risen about 0.8 degrees C (1.4 degrees F), according to the latest report by the IPCC.

Rich-poor schism

Discord between rich and poor countries on who should do what has kept the two-decade-old U.N. talks from delivering on that goal, and global emissions are still going up.

Rajendra Pachauri, chairman of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, which shared the Nobel Peace Prize in 2007 with former U.S. vice president Al Gore, urged delegates to heed the science and quickly take action.

“When I had the privilege in 2007 of accepting the Nobel Peace Prize on behalf of the IPCC, in my speech I asked the rhetorical question, ‘Will those responsible for decisions in the field of climate change at the global level listen to the voice of science and knowledge, which is now loud and clear,’ ” he said. “I am not sure our voice is louder today, but it is certainly clearer on the basis of the new knowledge.”

Delegates in Doha are bickering over money from rich countries to help poorer ones adapt to and combat the impacts of climate change, and whether developed countries will sign onto an extension of a legally binding emissions pact, the Kyoto Protocol, that would run until 2020.

Narrow accord

A pact that once incorporated all industrialized countries except the United States would now include only the European Union, Australia and several smaller countries which together account for less than 15 percent of global emissions. And the United States is refusing to offer any bolder commitments to cut its emissions beyond a non-binding pledge to reduce emissions by 17 percent below 2005 levels by 2020.

“For developed country parties like the United States and the European Union, the pledges and commitments . . . put forward on the table are far below what is required by the science,” Su Wei, a member of the Chinese delegation, told reporters. “And far below what is required by their historical responsibility.”

Developing countries have said they are willing to take steps to control emissions, but that they must be given space to build their economies. Although China is the largest carbon polluter and India is rapidly catching up, both countries lag far behind the industrial countries in emissions per person and still have huge populations mired in poverty. They don’t see emissions peaking anytime soon.

“We are still in the process of industrialization. We are also confronted with the enormous task of poverty eradication,” said Wei, acknowledging that the country’s emissions won’t peak by 2020.

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