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Gop senators launch attacks on immigration bill

Immigration reform advocates pray before the start of a Senate Judiciary Committee meeting in the Senate Hart Building on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday, May 9, 2013. A bill to enact dramatic changes to the nation's immigration system and put some 11 million immigrants here illegally on a path to citizenship is facing its first congressional test as lawmakers begin considering proposed changes to the 844-page legislation.  (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

Immigration reform advocates pray before the start of a Senate Judiciary Committee meeting in the Senate Hart Building on Capitol Hill in Washington, Thursday, May 9, 2013. A bill to enact dramatic changes to the nation's immigration system and put some 11 million immigrants here illegally on a path to citizenship is facing its first congressional test as lawmakers begin considering proposed changes to the 844-page legislation. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite)

The difficult road ahead for comprehensive immigration reform became more evident yesterday as Republican critics mounted a sustained assault on the legislation, demanding that it include considerably greater border security measures before legalizing any undocumented immigrants.

The contentious beginning of the debate in the Senate, where the bill’s prospects for approval are considerably better than in the House, was a clear signal of tough times as the legislation moves forward.

During a 7½-hour hearing, the Judiciary Committee wrestled over 32 proposed changes focused on border security and control as the committee began a long and grueling amendment process that is expect to last weeks.

Proponents managed to resist the most significant changes as a majority of senators voted to reject proposals from GOP members that would require the government to build 700 miles of double-layered fencing and maintain complete operational control of the entire southern border before allowing illegal immigrants to gain citizenship.

As each proposal was defeated, frustration mounted and tempers flared among the most conservative Republicans.

“The committee has voted down every serious border security amendment presented,” said Sen. Ted Cruz, a Republican from Texas, who lost his bid to scrap the legislation’s entire border control section and replace it with his own.

“This committee has consistently rejected any attempt to put real teeth in it, and if it does not have that, in my opinion, this bill will not pass.”

In all, the committee adopted 21 amendments, including eight offered by Republicans. Among them was a measure from Sen. Charles Grassley, a Republican from Iowa and one of the fiercest critics of the bill, that expanded a requirement that the government apprehend 90 percent of people attempting to cross the border illegally from just high-risk sectors to the entire Southwest border.

Democrats, and two Republicans on the committee who helped negotiate the legislation, hailed the results as evidence that they were committed to a bipartisan process to improve the bill that represents the most far-reaching changes in the nation’s immigration system in three decades.

They characterized the GOP border-security offensive as an effort to lard the bill with unattainable security measures and make it more difficult for the nation’s 11 million undocumented immigrants to gain legal status.

“Senator Cruz is opposed to a path to citizenship,” said Sen. Chuck Schumer, a Democrat from New York and one of the eight senators who negotiated the legislation. “No matter what we put in there in terms of border security, he cannot support any bill that has a path to citizenship. . . . Let’s not keep bringing up this false issue that we’re doing nothing on border security.”

Border control was the opening flash point in a debate over an 844-page bill that also contains new measures to increase visas for low- and high-skilled workers and eliminate some categories of family visas, which are likely to spark further clashes among Republicans and Democrats.

Judiciary Committee Chairman Patrick Leahy, a Democrat from Vermont, has said he hopes to finish the debate on up to 300 amendments by the end of the month and send the bill to the full Senate in early June.

President Obama has thrown his support behind the legislation in hopes of avoiding the bitter partisanship that helped sink his efforts on gun control and deficit reduction.

Some Republicans insist that they have to be certain that border control is a priority in any legislation before allowing undocumented immigrants to earn legal status.

That has opened a divide within the GOP as moderates and conservatives battle over what a secure border would look like.

The bill, developed by four Democrats and four Republicans, provides $7 billion in funding for additional fencing, aerial drones and border agents.

Many Republicans have argued that it is not enough, and Sen. Marco Rubio, a Republican from Florida, who helped negotiate the bill, has said he agrees that border provisions must be strengthened for the legislation to have a chance in the GOP-controlled House.

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