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Ugandan president signs harsh anti-gay law

  • Ugandan pupils from different schools take part in an event organised by born-again Christians to celebrate the signing of a new anti-gay bill that sets harsh penalties for homosexual sex, at the Omega Healing Center outside of Kampala, in Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni on Monday signed the controversial anti-gay bill into law, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Stephen Wandera)

    Ugandan pupils from different schools take part in an event organised by born-again Christians to celebrate the signing of a new anti-gay bill that sets harsh penalties for homosexual sex, at the Omega Healing Center outside of Kampala, in Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni on Monday signed the controversial anti-gay bill into law, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Stephen Wandera)

  • FILE - In this July 11, 2012 file photo, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni speaks during the London Summit on Family Planning organized by the UK Government and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with the United Nations Population Fund, in central London. Uganda's President Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Carl Court, File)

    FILE - In this July 11, 2012 file photo, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni speaks during the London Summit on Family Planning organized by the UK Government and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with the United Nations Population Fund, in central London. Uganda's President Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Carl Court, File)

  • FILE - In this Feb. 10, 2014 file photo, Kenyan gays and lesbians and others supporting their cause wear masks to preserve their anonymity as they stage a rare protest, against Uganda's increasingly tough stance against homosexuality and in solidarity with their counterparts there, outside the Uganda High Commission in Nairobi, Kenya Monday, Feb. 10, 2014. Uganda's president Yoweri Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis, File)

    FILE - In this Feb. 10, 2014 file photo, Kenyan gays and lesbians and others supporting their cause wear masks to preserve their anonymity as they stage a rare protest, against Uganda's increasingly tough stance against homosexuality and in solidarity with their counterparts there, outside the Uganda High Commission in Nairobi, Kenya Monday, Feb. 10, 2014. Uganda's president Yoweri Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis, File)

  • Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni gestures after signing a new anti-gay bill that sets harsh penalties for homosexual sex, in Entebbe, Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Museveni on Monday signed the controversial anti-gay bill into law, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Rebecca Vassie)

    Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni gestures after signing a new anti-gay bill that sets harsh penalties for homosexual sex, in Entebbe, Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Museveni on Monday signed the controversial anti-gay bill into law, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Rebecca Vassie)

  • Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni signs a new anti-gay bill that sets harsh penalties for homosexual sex, in Entebbe, Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Museveni on Monday signed the controversial anti-gay bill into law, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Rebecca Vassie)

    Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni signs a new anti-gay bill that sets harsh penalties for homosexual sex, in Entebbe, Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Museveni on Monday signed the controversial anti-gay bill into law, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Rebecca Vassie)

  • FILE - In this Monday, Feb. 10, 2014 file photo, Kenyan gays and lesbians and others supporting their cause wear masks to preserve their anonymity and one holds out a condom, as they stage a rare protest, against Uganda's increasingly tough stance against homosexuality and in solidarity with their counterparts there, outside the Uganda High Commission in Nairobi, Kenya. Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis, File)

    FILE - In this Monday, Feb. 10, 2014 file photo, Kenyan gays and lesbians and others supporting their cause wear masks to preserve their anonymity and one holds out a condom, as they stage a rare protest, against Uganda's increasingly tough stance against homosexuality and in solidarity with their counterparts there, outside the Uganda High Commission in Nairobi, Kenya. Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis, File)

  • FILE - In this July 31, 2013, file photo, Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta, left, Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni, center, and the transitional leader of the Central African Republic Michel Djotodia, right, arrive for the Special Summit of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) held at the United Nations Office in Nairobi, Kenya. Uganda's President Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis, File)

    FILE - In this July 31, 2013, file photo, Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta, left, Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni, center, and the transitional leader of the Central African Republic Michel Djotodia, right, arrive for the Special Summit of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) held at the United Nations Office in Nairobi, Kenya. Uganda's President Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis, File)

  • Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni signs a new anti-gay bill that sets harsh penalties for homosexual sex, in Entebbe, Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Museveni on Monday signed the controversial anti-gay bill into law, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Rebecca Vassie)

    Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni signs a new anti-gay bill that sets harsh penalties for homosexual sex, in Entebbe, Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Museveni on Monday signed the controversial anti-gay bill into law, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Rebecca Vassie)

  • Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni, center-left, receives a gift from Turkish investors after opening the Galaxy International School Uganda (GISU), outside of Kampala, in Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni on Monday signed into law a new anti-gay bill, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Stephen Wandera)

    Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni, center-left, receives a gift from Turkish investors after opening the Galaxy International School Uganda (GISU), outside of Kampala, in Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni on Monday signed into law a new anti-gay bill, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Stephen Wandera)

  • FILE - In this July 11, 2012 file photo, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni speaks during the London Summit on Family Planning organized by the UK Government and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with the United Nations Population Fund, in central London. Uganda's President Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Carl Court, File)

    FILE - In this July 11, 2012 file photo, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni speaks during the London Summit on Family Planning organized by the UK Government and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with the United Nations Population Fund, in central London. Uganda's President Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Carl Court, File)

  • Ugandan pupils from different schools take part in an event organised by born-again Christians to celebrate the signing of a new anti-gay bill that sets harsh penalties for homosexual sex, at the Omega Healing Center outside of Kampala, in Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni on Monday signed the controversial anti-gay bill into law, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Stephen Wandera)
  • FILE - In this July 11, 2012 file photo, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni speaks during the London Summit on Family Planning organized by the UK Government and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with the United Nations Population Fund, in central London. Uganda's President Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Carl Court, File)
  • FILE - In this Feb. 10, 2014 file photo, Kenyan gays and lesbians and others supporting their cause wear masks to preserve their anonymity as they stage a rare protest, against Uganda's increasingly tough stance against homosexuality and in solidarity with their counterparts there, outside the Uganda High Commission in Nairobi, Kenya Monday, Feb. 10, 2014. Uganda's president Yoweri Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis, File)
  • Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni gestures after signing a new anti-gay bill that sets harsh penalties for homosexual sex, in Entebbe, Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Museveni on Monday signed the controversial anti-gay bill into law, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Rebecca Vassie)
  • Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni signs a new anti-gay bill that sets harsh penalties for homosexual sex, in Entebbe, Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Museveni on Monday signed the controversial anti-gay bill into law, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Rebecca Vassie)
  • FILE - In this Monday, Feb. 10, 2014 file photo, Kenyan gays and lesbians and others supporting their cause wear masks to preserve their anonymity and one holds out a condom, as they stage a rare protest, against Uganda's increasingly tough stance against homosexuality and in solidarity with their counterparts there, outside the Uganda High Commission in Nairobi, Kenya. Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis, File)
  • FILE - In this July 31, 2013, file photo, Kenya's President Uhuru Kenyatta, left, Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni, center, and the transitional leader of the Central African Republic Michel Djotodia, right, arrive for the Special Summit of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) held at the United Nations Office in Nairobi, Kenya. Uganda's President Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis, File)
  • Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni signs a new anti-gay bill that sets harsh penalties for homosexual sex, in Entebbe, Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Museveni on Monday signed the controversial anti-gay bill into law, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Rebecca Vassie)
  • Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni, center-left, receives a gift from Turkish investors after opening the Galaxy International School Uganda (GISU), outside of Kampala, in Uganda Monday, Feb. 24, 2014. Uganda's President Yoweri Museveni on Monday signed into law a new anti-gay bill, with penalties including 14 years in jail for first-time offenders and life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for "aggravated homosexuality", saying it is needed to deter what he called the West's "social imperialism" promoting homosexuality in Africa. (AP Photo/Stephen Wandera)
  • FILE - In this July 11, 2012 file photo, Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni speaks during the London Summit on Family Planning organized by the UK Government and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation with the United Nations Population Fund, in central London. Uganda's President Museveni is expected to sign Monday, Feb. 24, 2014 a controversial anti-gay bill that allows harsh penalties for homosexual offenses, a bill which rights groups have condemned as draconian in a country where homosexuality is already illegal. (AP Photo/Carl Court, File)

Uganda’s president yesterday signed an anti-gay bill that punishes gay sex with up to life in prison, a measure likely to send Uganda’s beleaguered gay community further underground as the police try to implement it amid fevered anti-gay sentiment across the country.

Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni said the bill, which goes into effect immediately, was needed because the West is promoting homosexuality in Africa.

Museveni may have defied Western pressure to shelve the bill, four years and many versions after it was introduced, but his move – likely to galvanize support ahead of presidential elections – pleased many Ugandans who repeatedly urged him to sign the legislation.

Nigeria’s president similarly signed an anti-gay bill into law a little more than a month ago, sparking increased violence against gays who already were persecuted in mob attacks. Some watchdog groups warn a similar backlash of violence may occur in Uganda.

“Experience from other jurisdictions with similarly draconian laws, such as Nigeria or Russia, indicates that their implementation is often followed by a surge in violence against individuals thought to be lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender,” the International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission said in a statement yesterday. “The Ugandan government has not indicated any plans to counter such violence or to investigate potential allegations of abuse.”

The Ugandan law calls for first-time offenders to be sentenced to 14 years in jail. It sets life imprisonment as the maximum penalty for “aggravated homosexuality,” defined as repeated gay sex between consenting adults and acts involving a minor, a disabled person or where one partner is infected with HIV.

Uganda’s new anti-gay law has been condemned around the world.

In Washington, White House press secretary Jay Carney called the law “abhorrent,” urged its repeal and said the White House is reviewing its relationship with Uganda.

U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights Navi Pillay warned that the law would institutionalize discrimination and could encourage harassment and violence against gays.

The office of European Union foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton in a statement said she “is deeply concerned” by “draconian legislation” to criminalize homosexuality in Uganda.

At least six people have already been arrested over alleged homosexual offenses and more than a dozen have fled Uganda since lawmakers passed the bill in December, according to a prominent Ugandan gay activist, Pepe Julian Onziema.

“The president is making this decision because he has never met an openly gay person. That disappoints me,” he said.

Museveni signed the bill at the presidential palace as government officials, journalists and Ugandan scientists looked on. Government officials applauded after Museveni affixed his signature. Scientists had written a report which found there is no proven genetic basis for homosexuality, Museveni said, citing it as a reason for signing the bill.

“They should rehabilitate themselves and society should assist them to do so,” Museveni said after signing the bill.

Some European countries have threatened to cut aid to Uganda if the measure was enacted, though some EU officials have cautioned that interrupting development aid may not be the best reaction since it would harm Ugandans.

U.S. President Obama warned that signing the bill would “complicate” the East African country’s relationship with Washington. After Museveni signed the bill, the White House said the U.S. would urge Uganda’s government to repeal the “abhorrent law.”

“As President Obama has said, this law is more than an affront and a danger to the gay community in Uganda, it reflects poorly on the country’s commitment to protecting the human rights of its people and will undermine public health, including efforts to fight HIV/AIDS,” the statement said.

But in signing the legislation passed by lawmakers, Museveni said he rejected such reaction as interference in Ugandan affairs.

“We Africans never seek to impose our view on others. If only they could let us alone,” Museveni said. “We have been disappointed for a long time by the conduct of the West. There is now an attempt at social imperialism.”

Museveni accused “arrogant and careless Western groups” of trying to recruit Ugandan children into homosexuality, but he did not name these purported groups.

Museveni said he believes Western gay people have targeted poor Ugandans who then “prostitute” themselves for the money, an allegation repeated by the bill’s Ugandan defenders. Museveni did not cite any examples of people he called “mercenary homosexuals.”

Some critics believe Museveni signed the bill in hopes of galvanizing political support within his party, the National Resistance Movement, ahead of an upcoming meeting that is expected to endorse him as the party’s sole choice in the 2016 presidential election.

Fox Odoi, a Ugandan lawmaker who was once Museveni’s legal adviser and the only legislator who publicly opposed the anti-gay measure, predicted more arrests over alleged homosexual offenses now that the bill is law.

“I find it utterly primitive,” he said. “But the president doesn’t think so. It is a very dark day for the gay community. It is going to result in big harassment of gay people.”

The bill in its original draft called for the death penalty for some homosexual acts. That penalty was removed from the legislation following an international outcry.

The bill is widely popular in Uganda, where it has been championed by Christian clerics and many politicians. Ugandan schoolchildren from various schools in the capital, Kampala, celebrated after Museveni signed the bill. With big smiles on their faces and arms stretched in jubilation, they held placards including one that said, “Obama leave us alone: Homosexuals have no room in Uganda.”

The anti-gay measure was introduced in 2009 by a lawmaker with the ruling party who said the law was necessary to deter Western homosexuals from “recruiting” Ugandan children.

That legislator, David Bahati, said yesterday that the bill’s enactment is “a triumph of our sovereignty, a victory for the people of Uganda, the children of Uganda.”

Several Ugandan gays say Bahati and other political leaders were influenced by conservative U.S. evangelicals who wanted to spread their anti-gay agenda in Africa.

Homosexuality is criminalized in many African countries.

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