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Ukraine

Ignoring Putin, insurgents to hold referendum

  • A pro-Russian gunman speaks by phone in front of the city hall decorated with the flag of self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, in the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. A strong majority of Ukrainians want their country to remain a single, unified state and this is true even in the largely Russian-speaking east where a pro-Russia insurgency has been fighting for autonomy, a poll released Thursday shows. The survey results were released as the pro-Russia forces were considering whether to go ahead with a referendum on autonomy planned for Sunday in defiance of a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay the vote. A decision was expected later in the day. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)

    A pro-Russian gunman speaks by phone in front of the city hall decorated with the flag of self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, in the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. A strong majority of Ukrainians want their country to remain a single, unified state and this is true even in the largely Russian-speaking east where a pro-Russia insurgency has been fighting for autonomy, a poll released Thursday shows. The survey results were released as the pro-Russia forces were considering whether to go ahead with a referendum on autonomy planned for Sunday in defiance of a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay the vote. A decision was expected later in the day. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)

  • A pro-Russian gunman sets a banner which reads: "Do not forget, do not forgive!" in front of the city hall decorated with flags of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, in the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. A strong majority of Ukrainians want their country to remain a single, unified state and this is true even in the largely Russian-speaking east where a pro-Russia insurgency has been fighting for autonomy, a poll released Thursday shows. The survey results were released as the pro-Russia forces were considering whether to go ahead with a referendum on autonomy planned for Sunday in defiance of a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay the vote. A decision was expected later in the day. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)

    A pro-Russian gunman sets a banner which reads: "Do not forget, do not forgive!" in front of the city hall decorated with flags of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, in the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. A strong majority of Ukrainians want their country to remain a single, unified state and this is true even in the largely Russian-speaking east where a pro-Russia insurgency has been fighting for autonomy, a poll released Thursday shows. The survey results were released as the pro-Russia forces were considering whether to go ahead with a referendum on autonomy planned for Sunday in defiance of a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay the vote. A decision was expected later in the day. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)

  • The head of the elections commission of the so-called Donetsk People's Republic, Denis Pushilin, center foreground, is seen during a press conference to inform the media about the referendum at the occupied administration building in Donetsk , Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014.  The pro-Russia insurgency in eastern Ukraine decided Thursday to go ahead with Sunday's referendum on autonomy despite a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay it. (AP Photo/Manu Brabo)

    The head of the elections commission of the so-called Donetsk People's Republic, Denis Pushilin, center foreground, is seen during a press conference to inform the media about the referendum at the occupied administration building in Donetsk , Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. The pro-Russia insurgency in eastern Ukraine decided Thursday to go ahead with Sunday's referendum on autonomy despite a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay it. (AP Photo/Manu Brabo)

  • A pro-Russian gunman atop a car patrols through the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. A strong majority of Ukrainians want their country to remain a single, unified state and this is true even in the largely Russian-speaking east where a pro-Russia insurgency has been fighting for autonomy, a poll released Thursday shows. The survey results were released as the pro-Russia forces were considering whether to go ahead with a referendum on autonomy planned for Sunday in defiance of a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay the vote. A decision was expected later in the day. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)

    A pro-Russian gunman atop a car patrols through the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. A strong majority of Ukrainians want their country to remain a single, unified state and this is true even in the largely Russian-speaking east where a pro-Russia insurgency has been fighting for autonomy, a poll released Thursday shows. The survey results were released as the pro-Russia forces were considering whether to go ahead with a referendum on autonomy planned for Sunday in defiance of a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay the vote. A decision was expected later in the day. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)

  • A pro-Russian gunman stands behind the barricades and shows his hunting rifle in front of the flag of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, in the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. A strong majority of Ukrainians want their country to remain a single, unified state and this is true even in the largely Russian-speaking east where a pro-Russia insurgency has been fighting for autonomy, a poll released Thursday shows. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)

    A pro-Russian gunman stands behind the barricades and shows his hunting rifle in front of the flag of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, in the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. A strong majority of Ukrainians want their country to remain a single, unified state and this is true even in the largely Russian-speaking east where a pro-Russia insurgency has been fighting for autonomy, a poll released Thursday shows. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)

  • Ukrainian government troops guard an administration building in Mariupol, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. Ukrainian National Guard forces fled the Mariupol City Administration building on Thursday after a tense standoff with hundreds of pro-referendum protesters. (AP Photo/Alexander Ermochenko)

    Ukrainian government troops guard an administration building in Mariupol, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. Ukrainian National Guard forces fled the Mariupol City Administration building on Thursday after a tense standoff with hundreds of pro-referendum protesters. (AP Photo/Alexander Ermochenko)

  • The head of the elections commission of the so-called Donetsk People's Republic, Denis Pushilin, center foreground, speaks at a news conference about the upcoming referendum, at the occupied administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014.  The pro-Russia insurgency in eastern Ukraine decided Thursday to go ahead with Sunday's referendum on autonomy despite a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay it. (AP Photo/Manu Brabo)

    The head of the elections commission of the so-called Donetsk People's Republic, Denis Pushilin, center foreground, speaks at a news conference about the upcoming referendum, at the occupied administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. The pro-Russia insurgency in eastern Ukraine decided Thursday to go ahead with Sunday's referendum on autonomy despite a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay it. (AP Photo/Manu Brabo)

  • The mother of Dmitriy Nikityuk, a Cossack, holds holds his picture next to his coffin during the funeral in Odessa, Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. Nikityuk died of gas poisoning in the burning trade union building fire that killed most of the 40 people that died after riots erupted last Friday.(AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)

    The mother of Dmitriy Nikityuk, a Cossack, holds holds his picture next to his coffin during the funeral in Odessa, Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. Nikityuk died of gas poisoning in the burning trade union building fire that killed most of the 40 people that died after riots erupted last Friday.(AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)

  • Ukrainian government soldiers aim their weapons as they guard an administration building in Mariupol, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. Ukrainian National Guard forces fled the Mariupol City Administration building on Thursday after a tense standoff with hundreds of pro-referendum protesters. (AP Photo/Alexander Ermochenko)

    Ukrainian government soldiers aim their weapons as they guard an administration building in Mariupol, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. Ukrainian National Guard forces fled the Mariupol City Administration building on Thursday after a tense standoff with hundreds of pro-referendum protesters. (AP Photo/Alexander Ermochenko)

  • A gunman aims his weapon in the hatch of the car as he patrols the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. The pro-Russia insurgency in eastern Ukraine decided Thursday to go ahead with Sunday's referendum on autonomy despite a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay it. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)

    A gunman aims his weapon in the hatch of the car as he patrols the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. The pro-Russia insurgency in eastern Ukraine decided Thursday to go ahead with Sunday's referendum on autonomy despite a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay it. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)

  • Pro Russia men take cover of the rain while standing next to a fire at the barricades surrounding the Donetsk administration building after a press conference to inform the media about the referendum at the occupied administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. (AP Photo/Manu Brabo)

    Pro Russia men take cover of the rain while standing next to a fire at the barricades surrounding the Donetsk administration building after a press conference to inform the media about the referendum at the occupied administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. (AP Photo/Manu Brabo)

  • An icon and flowers are placed on the ground at a makeshift memorial for the victims of the trade union building fire in Odessa, Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. Odessa had been largely tranquil since the February toppling of President Viktor Yanukovych, until clashes erupted last Friday between pro-Russians and government supporters in the key port on the Black Sea coast, and left more than 40 people dead. (AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)

    An icon and flowers are placed on the ground at a makeshift memorial for the victims of the trade union building fire in Odessa, Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. Odessa had been largely tranquil since the February toppling of President Viktor Yanukovych, until clashes erupted last Friday between pro-Russians and government supporters in the key port on the Black Sea coast, and left more than 40 people dead. (AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)

  • A pro-Russian gunman speaks by phone in front of the city hall decorated with the flag of self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, in the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. A strong majority of Ukrainians want their country to remain a single, unified state and this is true even in the largely Russian-speaking east where a pro-Russia insurgency has been fighting for autonomy, a poll released Thursday shows. The survey results were released as the pro-Russia forces were considering whether to go ahead with a referendum on autonomy planned for Sunday in defiance of a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay the vote. A decision was expected later in the day. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
  • A pro-Russian gunman sets a banner which reads: "Do not forget, do not forgive!" in front of the city hall decorated with flags of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, in the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. A strong majority of Ukrainians want their country to remain a single, unified state and this is true even in the largely Russian-speaking east where a pro-Russia insurgency has been fighting for autonomy, a poll released Thursday shows. The survey results were released as the pro-Russia forces were considering whether to go ahead with a referendum on autonomy planned for Sunday in defiance of a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay the vote. A decision was expected later in the day. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
  • The head of the elections commission of the so-called Donetsk People's Republic, Denis Pushilin, center foreground, is seen during a press conference to inform the media about the referendum at the occupied administration building in Donetsk , Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014.  The pro-Russia insurgency in eastern Ukraine decided Thursday to go ahead with Sunday's referendum on autonomy despite a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay it. (AP Photo/Manu Brabo)
  • A pro-Russian gunman atop a car patrols through the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. A strong majority of Ukrainians want their country to remain a single, unified state and this is true even in the largely Russian-speaking east where a pro-Russia insurgency has been fighting for autonomy, a poll released Thursday shows. The survey results were released as the pro-Russia forces were considering whether to go ahead with a referendum on autonomy planned for Sunday in defiance of a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay the vote. A decision was expected later in the day. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
  • A pro-Russian gunman stands behind the barricades and shows his hunting rifle in front of the flag of the self-proclaimed Donetsk People's Republic, in the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. A strong majority of Ukrainians want their country to remain a single, unified state and this is true even in the largely Russian-speaking east where a pro-Russia insurgency has been fighting for autonomy, a poll released Thursday shows. (AP Photo/Darko Vojinovic)
  • Ukrainian government troops guard an administration building in Mariupol, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. Ukrainian National Guard forces fled the Mariupol City Administration building on Thursday after a tense standoff with hundreds of pro-referendum protesters. (AP Photo/Alexander Ermochenko)
  • The head of the elections commission of the so-called Donetsk People's Republic, Denis Pushilin, center foreground, speaks at a news conference about the upcoming referendum, at the occupied administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014.  The pro-Russia insurgency in eastern Ukraine decided Thursday to go ahead with Sunday's referendum on autonomy despite a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay it. (AP Photo/Manu Brabo)
  • The mother of Dmitriy Nikityuk, a Cossack, holds holds his picture next to his coffin during the funeral in Odessa, Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. Nikityuk died of gas poisoning in the burning trade union building fire that killed most of the 40 people that died after riots erupted last Friday.(AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)
  • Ukrainian government soldiers aim their weapons as they guard an administration building in Mariupol, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. Ukrainian National Guard forces fled the Mariupol City Administration building on Thursday after a tense standoff with hundreds of pro-referendum protesters. (AP Photo/Alexander Ermochenko)
  • A gunman aims his weapon in the hatch of the car as he patrols the center of Slovyansk, eastern Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. The pro-Russia insurgency in eastern Ukraine decided Thursday to go ahead with Sunday's referendum on autonomy despite a call from Russian President Vladimir Putin to delay it. (AP Photo/Alexander Zemlianichenko)
  • Pro Russia men take cover of the rain while standing next to a fire at the barricades surrounding the Donetsk administration building after a press conference to inform the media about the referendum at the occupied administration building in Donetsk, Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. (AP Photo/Manu Brabo)
  • An icon and flowers are placed on the ground at a makeshift memorial for the victims of the trade union building fire in Odessa, Ukraine, Thursday, May 8, 2014. Odessa had been largely tranquil since the February toppling of President Viktor Yanukovych, until clashes erupted last Friday between pro-Russians and government supporters in the key port on the Black Sea coast, and left more than 40 people dead. (AP Photo/Vadim Ghirda)

In an obscure government office guarded by a man in a red T-shirt armed only with a stick, two photocopy machines churned out ballots yesterday for eastern Ukraine’s referendum on secession, as they have been doing around the clock for days.

In apparent defiance of a call by Russian President Vladimir Putin to put off the vote, insurgents in eastern Ukraine insisted yesterday they will go ahead with this weekend’s referendum as planned.

“Putin is seeking a way out of the situation. We are grateful to him for this,” said Denis Pushilin, co-chairman of the Donetsk People’s Republic, as the pro- Russian rebels call themselves.

“But we are just a bullhorn for the people,” he declared. “We just voice what the people want.”

Ukraine has in recent weeks grown perilously polarized, with the west looking toward Europe and the east favoring closer ties with Russia.

Yesterday’s pronouncement was likely to further inflame tensions between the interim government in Kiev that took power amid chaos in February and the armed insurgents, who have seized police stations and government buildings in more than a dozen cities in the east.

Support for the referendum is most pronounced among eastern Ukraine’s proudly Russian-speaking working class. Rage against the central government that came to power after months of nationalist-tinged protests is blended with despair at Ukraine’s dire economic straits and corruption.

The occasionally violent protests that culminated in President Viktor Yanukovych’s fleeing to Russia were viewed by many in the east as a coup and a portent of repression against the region’s majority Russian speakers.

Along with the vote Sunday in the eastern Donetsk region, a similar and even more hastily improvised referendum is to take place in the neighboring Luhansk region. Together they have about 6.5 million people.

The vote is similar to the one in Crimea in March that preceded Russia’s annexation of that strategic Ukrainian Black Sea peninsula. Like the one in Crimea, they are regarded as illegitimate by both Kiev and the West.

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