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Senators consider caps on visas for low-skilled foreign workers

U.S. businesses would be allowed to hire 20,000 foreign workers for low-skilled jobs in the first year of a new
visa program being developed by a bipartisan Senate
group – a figure that would rise slowly to a maximum of
75,000 in 2020, people with knowledge of the proposal said yesterday.

As the senators continued to negotiate details over the program to break an impasse between labor and business leaders, those familiar with the talks said it would take many years before the visa program would approach the annual proposed cap of 200,000 foreign workers.

Meanwhile, construction industries would be severely limited under the plan, allotted no more than one-third of the new visas. Those companies also would be banned from hiring any foreigners for higher-skilled technical jobs such as electricians, said the sources, who spoke on
condition of anonymity to disclose private talks. The AFL-CIO has pushed hard to keep strict limits on construction companies from hiring foreigners.

The limit on construction visas remained a hurdle late yesterday for the group of eight senators as it attempts to craft a final agreement on the guest worker program that would win support from the varied interests in the business community. Republican members of the Senate working group were continuing to push to win more slots for foreign construction workers, the sources said.

“We are very close, closer than we have ever been, and we are very optimistic,
but there are still a few issues remaining,” Sen. Chuck Schumer, a New York Democrat and a member of the Senate group, said in a statement yesterday.

But union and business leaders have proclaimed previously that they have been in harmony. The sides released a joint statement of shared principles in February, but talks broke down late last week over the details of the guest worker program. That forced the eight senators involved in the bipartisan talks to miss a self-imposed deadline of March 22 to have a final agreement on a comprehensive immigration bill that is expected to feature a path to citizenship for the nation’s 11 million illegal immigrants.

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