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AP Exclusive: Rough ride for US-Russia copter deal

  • FILE - In this April 6, 2010 file photo, Sgt. Troy Bencke, right, points toward Afghan air force engineers as they work on an Mi-17 helicopter inside a hangar in Kabul, Afghanistan. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice.  (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

    FILE - In this April 6, 2010 file photo, Sgt. Troy Bencke, right, points toward Afghan air force engineers as they work on an Mi-17 helicopter inside a hangar in Kabul, Afghanistan. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice. (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)

  • FILE - In this July 8, 2011 file photo released by the Australian Defense Force, members of the National Interdiction Unit (NIU) and the Special Operations Task Group (SOTG) await the arrival of two Mi-17 helicopters in Kandahar, Afghanistan. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice. (AP Photo/Australian Defense Force, File)

    FILE - In this July 8, 2011 file photo released by the Australian Defense Force, members of the National Interdiction Unit (NIU) and the Special Operations Task Group (SOTG) await the arrival of two Mi-17 helicopters in Kandahar, Afghanistan. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice. (AP Photo/Australian Defense Force, File)

  • FILE - This April 20, 2009 file-pool photo then Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, left, and state holding company Russian Technologies' head Sergei Chemezov, holding glasses after signing a deal in Moscow, Russia. Chemezov, a longtime confidant of Russian President Vladimir Putin, heads Russian Technologies, a state holding company that includes the country’s top arms manufacturers. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice. (AP Photo/RIA-Novosti, Alexei Druzhinin, Pool)

    FILE - This April 20, 2009 file-pool photo then Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, left, and state holding company Russian Technologies' head Sergei Chemezov, holding glasses after signing a deal in Moscow, Russia. Chemezov, a longtime confidant of Russian President Vladimir Putin, heads Russian Technologies, a state holding company that includes the country’s top arms manufacturers. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice. (AP Photo/RIA-Novosti, Alexei Druzhinin, Pool)

  • This handout photo provided by the US Army, taken Nov. 12, 2013, shows a CH-47 Chinook helicopter from 3rd Battalion (General Support), 10th Combat Aviation Brigade, Task Force Phoenix, making its approach into the forward arming and refueling point to refuel at Forward Operating Base Fenty, Afghanistan. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice.  (AP Photo/Capt. Peter Smedberg, US Army)

    This handout photo provided by the US Army, taken Nov. 12, 2013, shows a CH-47 Chinook helicopter from 3rd Battalion (General Support), 10th Combat Aviation Brigade, Task Force Phoenix, making its approach into the forward arming and refueling point to refuel at Forward Operating Base Fenty, Afghanistan. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice. (AP Photo/Capt. Peter Smedberg, US Army)

  • This handout photo provided by the US Army, taken Oct. 26, 2013, shows a 10th Combat Aviation Brigade CH-47 Chinook helicopter, operated by members of the Texas and Oklahoma National Guard, flying a personnel and equipment movement mission over Kabul, Afghanistan. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice.  (AP Photo/Capt. Peter Smedberg, USCArmy)

    This handout photo provided by the US Army, taken Oct. 26, 2013, shows a 10th Combat Aviation Brigade CH-47 Chinook helicopter, operated by members of the Texas and Oklahoma National Guard, flying a personnel and equipment movement mission over Kabul, Afghanistan. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice. (AP Photo/Capt. Peter Smedberg, USCArmy)

  • FILE - In this April 6, 2010 file photo, Sgt. Troy Bencke, right, points toward Afghan air force engineers as they work on an Mi-17 helicopter inside a hangar in Kabul, Afghanistan. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice.  (AP Photo/Dar Yasin)
  • FILE - In this July 8, 2011 file photo released by the Australian Defense Force, members of the National Interdiction Unit (NIU) and the Special Operations Task Group (SOTG) await the arrival of two Mi-17 helicopters in Kandahar, Afghanistan. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice. (AP Photo/Australian Defense Force, File)
  • FILE - This April 20, 2009 file-pool photo then Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, left, and state holding company Russian Technologies' head Sergei Chemezov, holding glasses after signing a deal in Moscow, Russia. Chemezov, a longtime confidant of Russian President Vladimir Putin, heads Russian Technologies, a state holding company that includes the country’s top arms manufacturers. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice. (AP Photo/RIA-Novosti, Alexei Druzhinin, Pool)
  • This handout photo provided by the US Army, taken Nov. 12, 2013, shows a CH-47 Chinook helicopter from 3rd Battalion (General Support), 10th Combat Aviation Brigade, Task Force Phoenix, making its approach into the forward arming and refueling point to refuel at Forward Operating Base Fenty, Afghanistan. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice.  (AP Photo/Capt. Peter Smedberg, US Army)
  • This handout photo provided by the US Army, taken Oct. 26, 2013, shows a 10th Combat Aviation Brigade CH-47 Chinook helicopter, operated by members of the Texas and Oklahoma National Guard, flying a personnel and equipment movement mission over Kabul, Afghanistan. To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion. Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress they’d made the right call, pointing repeatedly to a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice.  (AP Photo/Capt. Peter Smedberg, USCArmy)

The deal looked sketchy from the start.

To outfit Afghanistan’s security forces with new helicopters, the Pentagon bypassed U.S. companies and turned instead to Moscow for dozens of Russian Mi-17 rotorcraft at a cost of more than $1 billion.

Senior Pentagon officials assured skeptical members of Congress that the Department of Defense had made the right call. They repeatedly cited a top-secret 2010 study they said named the Mi-17 as the superior choice.

It turns out the study told a very different story, according to unclassified excerpts obtained by the Associated Press.

The U.S. Army’s workhorse Chinook, built by Boeing in Pennsylvania, was found to be “the most cost-effective single platform type fleet for the Afghan Air Force over a twenty year” period, according to the excerpts.

Lawmakers who were following the copter deal were stunned.

Sen. John Cornyn of Texas, the Senate’s No. 2 GOP leader and one of the most vocal critics of the contract, said the Defense Department “repeatedly and disingenuously” used the study to prove the necessity of buying Mi-17s.

More than two years since the Mi-17 contract was signed, a veil of secrecy still obscures the pact despite its high-dollar value, the potential for fraud and waste, and accusations the Pentagon muffled important information.

The unprecedented arms deal also serves as a reminder to a war-weary American public that Afghanistan will remain heavily dependent on U.S. financial support even after its combat troops depart.

“So why are we buying Russian helicopters when there are American manufacturers that can meet that very same requirement?” Cornyn asked.

As recently as September, Deputy Defense Secretary Ashton Carter cited the study in a letter to House members defending the decision. Carter left his job this past week.

Last year, Frank Kendall, the Pentagon’s top acquisition official, and policy chief James Miller pointed to the study in a written response to questions posed by Cornyn.

Just a few weeks after the secret study was completed, Army Secretary John McHugh wrote in a 2011 memo “that the Mi-17 stands apart” when compared with other helicopters.

The Pentagon denies it misled Congress.

A senior department official said the study was focused on long-term requirements and not the immediate needs of the Afghan military, which were best met by the Mi-17. Also, U.S. commanders in Afghanistan wanted the Mi-17 because it is durable, easy-to-operate and the Afghan forces had experience flying it, according to the official, who was not authorized to be identified as the source of the information.

There’s no dispute that heavy-duty helicopters capable of quickly moving Afghan troops and supplies are essential to accomplishing that mission. But the decision to acquire them from Russia has achieved the rare feat in a deeply divided Congress of finding common ground among Republicans and Democrats.

Why, lawmakers from both political parties have demanded, is the U.S. purchasing military gear from Russia?

After all, Russia has sold advanced weapons to repressive government in Syria and Iran, sheltered NSA leaker Edward Snowden, and been criticized by the State Department for adopting laws that restrict human rights.

On top of all that, corruption is rampant in Russia’s defense industry, they say, heightening concerns that crooked government officials and contractors are lining their pockets with American money.

“The lack of straightforward information from the Pentagon on the ability of American-made helicopters to meet the mission in Afghanistan is but another factor severely undermining their credibility and justification for pursuing this sorely misguided procurement,” said Rep. Rosa DeLauro, a high-ranking Democrat on the House Appropriations Committee.

Overall, 63 Mi-17s are being acquired through the 2011 contract. It was awarded without competition to Russia’s arms export agency, Rosoboronexport, even though the Pentagon condemned the agency after its weapons were used by Syria to “murder Syrian civilians.”

No Pentagon official was made available to speak on the record for this story. The department declined AP’s request that it release unclassified portions of the 2010 study and other records supporting the decision to buy Mi-17s instead of Chinooks or other helicopters.

The armed Mi-17s being purchased for Afghanistan from Rosoboronexport will replace older and less capable Mi-17s the U.S. and other countries had purchased from brokers and contractors through the open market and then donated or loaned to the Afghans.

The fact that the Afghan forces had years of experience flying the Mi-17 figured prominently in the Pentagon’s decision.

Carter and other U.S. defense official contended that adding the Boeing helicopter to the mix would unnecessarily burden the Afghans with having to learn how to operate and maintain an unfamiliar helicopter.

The 2010 study “specifically analyzed the opportunity for DOD to provide a US alternative to the Mi-17 for Afghanistan,” according to the excerpts.

It outlined a transitional approach in which Chinooks being retired from the U.S. military’s fleet would be available in late 2013 to be refurbished and then replace older Russian helicopters in the Afghan fleet, according to the excerpts. A combination of Mi-17s and renovated Chinooks, known in the Army’s nomenclature as the CH-47D, could work as well.

Proceed with caution, the study advised. Shifting too quickly away from the Mi-17s already in use could undermine progress in training the Afghan air force, the excerpts said. But the study recommended a plan for converting the Afghan forces from a “pure” Mi-17 fleet to one that uses U.S. helicopters.

The Chinook option never materialized.

An extensive analysis of both helicopters concluded a refurbished Chinook would cost about 40 percent more overall to buy and maintain than the Russian helicopter, the senior defense official said.

That is hard to fathom.

Boeing executives informed congressional staff during a meeting held in late September that the cost of a refurbished CH-47D would be in the $12 million to $14 million range, according to a person knowledgeable about the discussion but not authorized to be identified as the source of the information.

That would make an overhauled Chinook $4 million to $6 million less than what the department is currently paying for Mi-17s, according to a Pentagon document listing the prices it is paying for the Russian aircraft.

The figures also show the average cost of each new Mi-17 has increased with each successive order, from $16.4 million to $18.2 million. The Pentagon has assured Congress that the prices were “fair and reasonable.”

But an internal Defense Contract Audit Agency document shows the department could not conduct a comprehensive cost comparison because Rosoboronexport wouldn’t allow U.S. auditors to look at its books.

Rosoboronexport’s Director General Anatoly Isaykin said in statement late last month that his agency was “completely transparent” in negotiating acceptable Mi-17 prices with the U.S., but provided no details on costs or any examples of transparency.

Last month, the Pentagon changed its mind. After reevaluating, officials decided to cut 15 copters out of the 78 they had planned to buy from Moscow.

All of the objections to this Mi-17 contract are based on whining about Boeing not getting the contract, and secondarily on Obama-hatred. The Russian aircraft is sturdy, easy to fly, and the Afghans have decades of experience with them. In countries like that, pilot candidates are easy to find... but engine and avionics techies are as rare as hens' teeth. To introduce a new, much more complex, aircraft type --regardless of what money would pour into various Congressional districts-- would be an unbearable burden. The Chinook, a splendid but complex aircraft, is operated best by countries whose populations have experience with machines and computers. In Afghanistan, someone who can't read but can tweak a tractor's engine and keep it running is a major-league tekkie. The Afghan AF regards guys like that as prime recruits, and rightly so. They are far from stupid, but they are in a country with... decades of war, little education resources, and a corrupt and incompetent government. An Afghan Air Force Mi-17 crew (pilot, copilot, flight engineer, crew chief, a couple of gunners) are the best they've got. I have found Afghan AF personnel impressive and admirable. But to have them start from scratch on a new aircraft like the CH-47 is just stupid. New logistics chain, new training requirements, new airframe, new engines... The only good coming out of such a deal would be pork -- pure pork. The Mi-17 is the right bird for the task. So, all you pork-lovers and Obama-haters just pipe down, already. Unless you are helicopter aircrew or wrench-bender, in which case you need to be heard.

Tom10032: I have to disagree on one fundamental point. A $Billion US tax dollars should not be going to Russia to give Russian helicopters to Afghanistan. WHO will foot the bill in the next decade(s) to keep these Russian helicopters flying?? If Russian helicopters are the right choice then Russia should be working out a deal with Afghanistan and leave the US out of it. I'm not saying I am for giving any helicopters to Afghanistan but if US tax dollars are used then they should be American with American made parts. PS the avionics software should be imbedded with a small self-destruct code so when they get stolen or sold they can be made to drop out of the sky at just the right moment.

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