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Lincoln

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  • The Lincoln Memorial's statue "Abraham Lincoln," by Daniel Chester French

    The Lincoln Memorial's statue "Abraham Lincoln," by Daniel Chester French

  • Abraham Lincoln by Alexander Gardner

    Abraham Lincoln by Alexander Gardner

  • The Lincoln Memorial's statue "Abraham Lincoln," by Daniel Chester French

    The Lincoln Memorial's statue "Abraham Lincoln," by Daniel Chester French

  • Abraham Lincoln by Alexander Gardner

    Abraham Lincoln by Alexander Gardner

  • The Lincoln Memorial's statue "Abraham Lincoln," by Daniel Chester French
  • Abraham Lincoln by Alexander Gardner
  • The Lincoln Memorial's statue "Abraham Lincoln," by Daniel Chester French
  • Abraham Lincoln by Alexander Gardner

Every third Monday in February, on Presidents Day, Americans honor 44 presidents. Two with February birthdays come to mind: Abraham Lincoln and George Washington. Here are some facts and quizzes to test how much you really know about two of America’s most famous leaders.

Although he served only four years and 42 days in office before his assassination, Abraham Lincoln is remembered as one of America’s greatest presidents. Responsible for many of the nation’s most famous presidential speeches, all of which he wrote himself, his dedication to the Union and strong leadership brought the United States through the most devastating war in its history. Famous for his distinctive beard, height and stovepipe hats, Lincoln is consistently noted as one of the most successful and well-known presidents. But how much do you really know about Abraham Lincoln? Here are some facts and quizzes to test your knowledge.

LINCOLN QUIZ:

1. What number president was Lincoln?

2. Where is Lincoln’s home state?

3. Which party was Lincoln a part of?

4. What was Lincoln’s wife’s name?

5. During what major conflict was Lincoln president?

6. How many children did Lincoln have?

7. Lincoln’s famous 270-word speech was given to commemorate what event?

8. Who assassinated Lincoln? Where was Lincoln and which play was he watching when he was shot?

9. What was Lincoln’s primary occupation outside of politics?

10. Finish this famous Lincoln quote: “A house divided _______________.”

LINCOLN FACTS:

∎ During the Civil War, the King of Siam offered Lincoln elephants to aid in the war effort.

∎ Lincoln only spent one term in Congress – because of his unpopular stand against the Mexican War he was not reelected.

∎ Lincoln served in the militia during the Black Hawk War in 1832, when the Sauk and Fox Indians attempted to reclaim land in Illinois.

∎ Lincoln was the first president to have a beard while serving in office. He grew it on the advice of Grace Bedell, a girl from Westfield, N.Y., who wrote him a letter in 1860 advising him that growing a beard would help him be elected president.

∎ Lincoln was the first president to be photographed at his inauguration. John Wilkes Booth, his future assassin, is also in the picture.

∎ The penny bearing Lincoln’s image is the longest-used design in American coins. It was introduced in 1909, 100 years after Lincoln was born.

∎ Lincoln is the only president to hold a patent. Inspired by his time spent on riverboats, Lincoln invented “A Device for Buoying Vessels Over Shoals.” He received his patent on May 22, 1849, although the invention was never marketed.

∎ At 6 feet, 4 inches, Lincoln was the tallest president in history.

∎ On Oct. 3, 1863, in the midst of the Civil War, Lincoln proclaimed that there would be a national Thanksgiving Day on the last Thursday of November.

∎ Lincoln kept notes and important papers in his iconic stovepipe hat.

∎ Born in Kentucky, Lincoln was the first president to be born outside of the original 13 colonies.

∎ Edwin Booth, the brother of John Wilkes Booth, once pulled Robert Lincoln, Lincoln’s son, to safety after he was accidentally pushed off the platform while waiting for a train.

∎ The 36 columns in the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D. C., represent the number of states in the union at the time of Lincoln’s assassination.

∎ General Lee surrendered, effectively ending the Civil War, on April 9, 1865, only five days before Lincoln was shot. He never lived to see the reunification of the United States.

LINCOLN QUIZ ANSWERS:

1. Abraham Lincoln was the 16th president.

2. Lincoln’s home state is Illinois. He spent most of his life there, although he was born in Kentucky and lived a few years in Indiana as a boy.

3. Lincoln was originally a member of the Whig Party, joining the Republican Party after the Whig Party disintegrated. He was the first Republican president.

4. Lincoln’s wife was Mary Todd Lincoln. She was raised in a wealthy household and her parents disapproved of her marrying Lincoln because of his poor background.

5. The battle of Fort Sumter began the Civil War just a few weeks after Lincoln’s inauguration.

6. Lincoln had four children – Robert, Edward, William and Tad. Only Robert, lived to adulthood.

7. Lincoln gave the Gettysburg Address at the dedication of the Soldiers National Cemetery at Gettysburg on Nov. 19, 1863.

8. John Wilkes Booth assassinated Lincoln at Ford Theater while he was watching Our American Cousin on April 14, 1865.

9. Lincoln was a lawyer for most of his professional life.

10. “A house divided against itself cannot stand.”

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